As an immigrant, here is what I have studied and learned.
I am sure I can do better than the half term governor. Let me give it a try. History is one of my favorite subjects.
My Favorite quote is from Thomas Jefferson: “ALL MEN ARE CREATED EQUAL”. 1776.
This is the president who introduced free education and public libraries in the American history. Also, he established religious liberty, in Virginia.
Many Founders were educated Lawyers, continental congress men and soldiers, I have been searching for a president who was a beauty pageants or TV sport Anchors. Zero results.
A quick study on the founders. They were smart Pants Lawyers most of them.
- George Washington born February 22, 1732, was a Federalist not a Republican. He wanted no KING or Queen in America, and he set a good precedent as the nation’s first leader. His title became “Mr. President”.
His experience: He was a Surveyor, Farmer and a delegate to continental congress.
- John Adams born October 30 1735 the second President, was a Harvard educated Lawyer and had some sense of Justice, he defended in court the British soldier who fired into a patriotic Boston mob, because he felt everyone deserved a fair trial. John Adams was a federalist and not a Republican.
- Thomas Jefferson born April 13, 1743, was the third president. He was a democrat-Republican. He was a delegate to Continental congress, diplomat, secretary of State and vice president.
Jefferson spoke six languages, including Latin and Greek. He was highly skilled. He was writer and a thinker, and wrote the draft of declaration of Independence himself.
Jefferson was an architect. He designed and built his home which stands today as a monument to his varied interest and talents. I saw this house when I visited Virginia.
- James Madison born March 16, 1751 was the fourth president. He too was a Lawyer and a Democratic- Republican. Madison Fought to add the first ten amendments to the constitution known as the “BILL OF RIGHTS”. These amendments PROTECT such liberties as
1. Freedom of speech
2. Freedom of press,
3. Freedom of religion
4. and the right to have a trial by jury.
- James Monroe born April 28, 1758 was a fifth president, a soldier, Lawyer and delegate to Continental congress, Senator, Governor, diplomat, SOS, secretary of War.
After the Revolution, Monroe studied Law with Thomas Jefferson and entered politics. Monroe was elected US senator and became minister to France and helped negotiate Louisiana Purchase.
When Spain cast a longing eye on central and South American countries, Monroe told the Spanish and other European nations ” HANDS OFF’.
He declared that the US would permit no “foreign interference” in the new world. That was the “Monroe DOCTRINE”.
- John Quincy Adams born July 11, 1767, was the 6 the president. A Lawyer, diplomat, Senator, SOS and congressman. Adam had a troubled term of office. He worked with a very troubled congress that blocked most of his plans.
One of his plans was to encourage interest in education in Arts and Sciences. His plan was a success because he was able to get the important Smithsonian Institution established. I guess that cost him a defeat for re-election. Andrew Jackson defeated him and became the 7th president.
- Andrew Jackson born March 15, 1767 was also a Lawyer, congressman, military leader, governor and a senator. His legacy gave a new direction to the presidency. From Washington to John Quincy, these guys believed riches belonged to them. In short they were gentlemen of money and privilege.
But Jackson changed all that.Jackson was a president who represented the plain, common people.He was a first president born in a cabin and was unschooled orphan of 13, he fought in the revolution of war, and when he was taken as a prisoner, he refused to clean a British officer’s boots. He received a good beating that left him with a scar on his forehead for life. In his first year Jackson removed some 2 thousand federal office holders and gave the jobs to his followers. He also battled the Bank of the United States, calling it “the bank of the rich.” In 1832, Jackson continued his fight as the people’s champion when he was reelected.
- Martin Van Buren was the 8th President, was a Lawyer, and a Democratic. He was in office only for two months when the nation was struck by financial panic in 1887.
Banks closed one after another, mill towns shut down and workers lost their jobs. The unemployed rioted in NY.
What cost Van Buren’s presidency was his belief that the government should not interfer in private business, he did little to help. And Van Buren, the politician, never regained the support of the Democratic Party. He was nominated by the free Soil Party- a party opposed to slavery in 1848, but he did not win.
- William Henry Harrison from the “WHIG Party” became the 9th president. He was a military leader, territorial governor, congressman and a senator.
- The Whig Party under John Tyler who was a 10th president and also a Lawyer, his firmness brought him into conflict with Henry Clay and other leaders of the party. They wanted to set up a national bank. They wanted high taxes on imported goods. When Tyler opposed these ideas, his cabinet resigned and the Whigs ousted Tyler. Ouch..
- James Knox Polk became the 11 the president, he was also a Lawyer and belonged to the Democratic Party. When Polk took office there only 27 states in the union. Most of the country was still Indian territory, or claimed by foreign countries. Polk campaigned for Texas and All Oregon. He settled the Oregon border by a Treaty with Britain. The dispute with Mexico over Texas was not settled so easily. Polk sent the troops into the disputed area and announced, “War exists by act of Mexico”. American troops advanced into Mexican Territory. This war ended in 1848. Polk offered Spain $100 million for Cuba, but Spain turned it down.
- Then was Zachary Taylor 12th President, Whig Party. He was the first military leader, without qualifications of holding any political office… He fought in the war of 1812 and Mexican War of 1846 and also fought against Indians in Florida. Zachary Taylor was not president for very long. Although he owned slaves, Taylor did not want to see slavery extended into the territories won in the Mexican War. He wanted New Mexico and California added to the union as free- not slave-states.
- The 13th president Millard FillmoreBorn January 7 1800. He belonged to a Whig Party and was a Lawyer too. During his term, he was able to mordenize the White house.
- Franklin Pierce was the 14th President, born Nov 23,1804. He too was a Lawyer and belonged to the democratic party. I will continue on him later….. I am going to see the fire works. Just came back from the Parade and I have many pictures to share.
I have heard a lot about the founders from the right, although our dear Sarah could not name them on Glenn Beck’s show. I think if I had to do a Quiz with Ms Quitter that night, I would have shown her that she needs to get into reading history before she opens her mouth.